Er mwyn nodi dechrau’r Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf dyma’r cyntaf mewn cyfres fer am y dynion o’r Plwyf a fu farw yn y rhyfel hwnnw. Mae’r mwyaf yn cael eu coffáu ar y Gofgolofn yng nghanol Pencader, ond mae ychydig heb eu henwau arni a bydd sôn amdanynt yma hefyd. Mae’r wybodaeth yn dod o wefan ardderchog www.wwwmp.co.uk sy’n trafod y llawer iawn o Gofgolofnau yng Ngorllewin Cymru a’r dynion a ymladdodd yn y ddau Ryfel Byd. Os oes gan unrhyw un mwy o wybodaeth am y dynion yn gyfres hon, byddai sylfaenydd y wefan yn falch i glywed oddi wrthych – mae’r manylion cyswllt ar y wefan neu anfonwch hi at y golygydd a fydd yn ei throsglwyddo. Achos cyfyngiadau cost a lle, dydy hi ddim wedi bod yn bosibl, yn anffodus, i gyhoeddi’r erthygl hon yn Gymraeg yn ogystal â Saesneg. Gobeithir yn gywir y byd darllenwyr sy’n ffafrio Cymraeg, yn maddau’r cefnu hwn ar y polisi arferol.
Tom was born on 29 April 1884, the son of James and Hannah Davies of Brynamburg, Pencader. He emigrated to Canada prior to the war, where he worked as a Miner, and he enlisted there at Edmonton on 8 February 1915. Tom w. On
Private Titus Davies
Titus was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Davies of Glantalog, Pencader. He enlisted at Cardiff into the 8th Battalion, Welsh Regiment, which was attached to 40 Brigade, 13th (Western) Division. The division embarked at Avonmouth on 29 June 1915, and landed at Gallipoli on 6 July 1915, and were immediately thrown into battle. Titus was killed in action just two days after landing, on 8 August 1915. He was just 20 years old, and is remembered on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli. The Pencader War Memorial incorrectly shows his date of death to have been 7 August.
Private Tom Davies
Tom was born on 29 April 1884, the son of James and Hannah Davies of Brynamburg, Pencader. He emigrated to Canada prior to the war, where he worked as a Miner, and he enlisted there at Edmonton on 8 February 1915. Tom was posted to the 49th Battalion (Edmonton) Canadian Infantry, which were attached to 7 Canadian Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, which formed in France during December 1915. The Division moved to positions around Ypres. On 12 April 1916 the battalion was in the front line near Hooge when they were attacked by a German raiding party. The attack was beaten off, but the Germans retaliated with heavy artillery fire on the Canadian trenches. Tom was killed in the ensuing bombardment that day. He was 32 years old, and is buried at Menin Road South Military Cemetery, Belgium.
Private John Jenkins
John was the son of John and Mary Ann Jenkins of Nantllech, Pencader. He enlisted at Carmarthen into the 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment, which had landed in France in August, 1914 as part of 3 Brigade, 1st Division. The Division fought at the Battle of Mons, and took part in the epic retreat to the Marne, where the German Advance was stopped in its tracks. They then followed the withdrawing Germans to the Aisne, and fought another pitched battle here, before being moved to positions east of Ypres. They famously halted the German attack towards Ypres, but at heavy cost, during First Ypres, and spent their first winter in Flanders. In 1915 the Division fought at the Battle of Aubers Ridge, and then at the Battle of Loos. They remained around Loos throughout the winter of 1915/1916 and were due to move to the Somme in June 1916. John was wounded by a shell before the move, and died of wounds two days later, on 9 June 1916, aged just 19. He is buried at Noeux-Les-Mines Communal Cemetery, France.
Private Daniel Rees
Daniel was the son of John and Sarah Rees of 3, Lewis Street, Pontwelly, Llandysul. He enlisted at Ferndale into the 9th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment, which was attached to 20 Brigade, 7th Division, and moved to Belgium on 6 October 1914, landing at Zeebrugge. Due to the imminent collapse of the Zeebrugge defences, the Division were moved south, and took up positions east of Ypres. Here, they fought the advancing German Army to a standstill during First Ypres, and settled down for their first winter on the Western Front. In March, 1915 they fought at the Battle of Neuve Chappelle, and then in May fought at Aubers Ridge. They then fought at Givenchy, before taking part in the Battle of Loos in September. After a hard winter near Loos, they moved to the Somme in June, 1916, and fought during the Somme Offensive, at the Battles of Albert and Bazentin. They then moved towards Delville Wood, where Daniel was killed in action on 4 September 1916. He was 22 years old, and is buried at Delville Wood Cemetery, Longueval, France. The Pencader War Memorial incorrectly shows his date of death as 3 September.
Private David Griffiths James
David was the son of Thomas and Rachel James of 8 Davies Street, Pencader. He worked as a Butcher, and enlisted at Port Talbot into the Monmouth Regiment. He subsequently transferred into the 2nd Battalion, South Wales Borderers. The battalion had had a novel start to the war. It had defeated the German Garrison at Tientsin, China, before taking place in the Gallipoli Landings on 25 April 1915, attached to 87 Brigade, 29th Division. They remained hereuntil evacuation to Egypt on 11 January 1916 and then when David joined the battalion. The Division took part in its first major action in France during the 1916 Somme Offensive, which is where David was killed in action, aged 19, on 21 October 1916 during the Battle of the Ancre. David’s body was lost in the terrible conditions on the battlefield, and so he is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, France.
Private Daniel James
Daniel was the son of Thomas and Mary James of Lan Farm, Pencader. He enlisted at Carmarthen into the 1/4th Battalion, Welsh Regiment, which was formed during August, 1914 in Carmarthen. The Battalion were then attached to 159 Brigade, 53rd (Welsh) Division, and in July 1915 sailed from Devonport for Egypt. On 9 August 1915 the Division had moved from Egypt, and landed on Gallipoli. They fought on Gallipoli until evacuation in December, 1915, after suffering terrible casualties, and moved to positions on the Suez Canal. In early 1917 the British launched an attack into Palestine, which was occupied by the Turks, and Daniel was killed in action here at the First Battle of Gaza, on 21 April 1917. He was 29 years old, and is buried at Gaza War Cemetery, Israel.
Gunner Thomas Thomas
Thomas was the son of John and Anne Thomas, of Ysgubor, Pencader. He was residing in Burry Port prior to the war, and enlisted at Llanelli into the Royal Garrison Artillery, being posted to the Western Front with their 158th Siege Battery. Thomas was wounded during the latter stages of the Third Battle of Ypres, and died of wounds on 10 December 1917. He was 24 years old, and is buried at Dozinghem Military Cemetery.
Private David Griffith Thomas
David was born at Llanfihangel-ar-Arth, and moved to London prior to the war, with his wife Elizabeth Thomas. David enlisted at Finsbury into the 5th Battalion, London Regiment. David subsequently transferred into the 2/13th Battalion (Kensington), London Regiment, which was attached to 179 Brigade, 60th Division. After a short period in Ireland, helping to quash the rebellion, the Division moved back to England, and then to France on 22 June 1916. In November 1916 they moved to Salonika, where they fought in the Battle of Doiran, and remained there until moving to Palestine on 2 July 1917. Here they fought in the Third Battle of Gaza, the Capture of Beersheba and the Capture of the Sheria Position, and went on to fight at and capture Jerusalem in December 1917. David was wounded during the Battle of Jerusalem, and died of wounds on 28 December 1917, aged 30. He is buried at Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel.
Private Evan Henry Davies
Evan was the son of Evan and Mary Davies of Emlyn Villa, Pencader. He served in the 1st Battalion, Welsh Guards, which had moved to France in August 1915 attached to 3 Brigade, Guards Division. The Division had a distinguished career during the Great War, fighting at the Battle of Loos, and through the Somme Offensive at the Battles of Flers-Courcelette and Morval. In 1917 they followed the German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, and then fought later that year at Third Ypres, at the Battles of Pilckem, the Menin Road, Poelcapelle and Passchendaele, and saw the year out fighting at the Battle of Cambrai. In 1918 they were near Gouzeaucourt when the area was hit by the German Spring Offensive of 21 March 1918. The Guards, as indeed were all of the British Divisions in the area, were pushed back beyond Bapaume towards Albert, where the German Offensive stagnated. The war turned during the month of August 1918 after a brilliant Australian success at Villers Brettoneux on 8 August 1918 was followed by a successful British breakthrough on the old Somme Battlefields on 21 August, when the Battle of Albert saw the Germans pushed back beyond Bapaume in a few terrible days fighting. Evan was wounded around this time, and brought back to the Base Hospital at Rouen, where he sadly died of wounds on 22 September 1918, aged 22. He is buried at St. Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, France.
Corporal Benjamin Davies
Benjamin was the son of Ben and Rachel Davies of Neaudd Deg, Llanpumsaint. He resided at Cwmgreiciaufach, and worked as a Haulier. Benjamin had enlisted at London on 12 August 1914 into the 7th Battalion, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. The battalion was attached to 41 Brigade, 14th (Light) Division, and landed at Boulogne on 19 May 1915. The Division moved into positions east of Ypres, and became the first British unit to be attacked by German flamethrowers during the German assault at Hooge on 30 July 1915. The 7th KRRC were positioned on the south side of the newly blown Hooge Crater, when at 3:15pm jets of fire shot across from the German trenches towards their positions, and then a German Artillery Barrage saturated the ground. Vicious hand to hand fighting ensued, but the Germans didn’t follow up their attack, and the line stabilised again. Benjamin survived this horrific attack, but was wounded by gunfire on 5 October 1915 and evacuated to England for treatment. He died of wounds at the Queen’s Canadian Military Hospital, Shorncliffe on 15 October 1915, aged 23. Benjamin is buried in Llanpumsaint (Saer Calem) Baptist Chapelyard. The Pencader War Memorial incorrectly shows his date of death as 20 October 1915.
Private John Jones
John was born in 1888, the son of Mary Jones, of Cartref, New Inn, Pencader. He enlisted on 9 December 1915 at Newcastle Emlyn into the 20th Battalion, Welsh Regiment, part of the 13th Reserve Brigade. The Battalion became part of the Training Reserve in 1916, severing its ties with the Welsh. John became ill while training, and died of tuberculosis at Kinmel Park on 27 February 1917, aged 28, without having seen overseas service. He is buried at Llanllwni (St. Luke) Churchyard. The memorial is again incorrect, showing his date of death as 3 March 1917.
Gunner James Thomas
James was the son of Henry and Elizabeth Thomas, of Lan Meredith, Brechfa. James enlisted at Carmarthen into the Royal Garrison Artillery, and was attached to their No. 1 Depot, on Home Service. James died of sickness on 28 June 1918, aged just 19, and is buried at Gwernogle Congregational Burial Ground.
Private Edward Last
Edward was the son of Robert and Ellen Last of Woolwich, London. Prior to the war he had moved to Pencader with his brother William, and both men worked for Thomas and Phoebe Picton at Pant-To, Pencader. Edward had served with the 2/1st Battalion, Pembroke Yeomanry, which was the Reserve (Home Service) Battalion. He died at Bedford on 15 November 1918, aged 29 and is buried in Kempston Cemetery, Woolwich.
Sapper William Thomas
William was born at Panteg Shop, Llanllwni, the son of William and Mary Thomas and was the husband of Elizabeth Thomas, later of Cross Inn Fach, Llanfihangel-ar-arth. He was a Packer with the GWR at Swansea prior to joining the enlisting into the Royal Engineers. He had already been serving for two years when he joined the 263rd Railway Company, RE, which was raised at Longmoor and embarked to France on 26 April 1917. Once in France, William was assigned to a construction train, and his unit were deployed in laying new standard gauge track, often in very close proximity to the front. William took ill, and died in France of influenza on 19 November 1918, aged 25. He is buried at Awoingt British Cemetery, France.
Sapper Johnnie Jones
Johnnie was the son of David and Elizabeth Jones of Cader Vale, Pencader. He served during the war with the Royal Engineers and died on 14 October 1920, aged 30. Nothing more is presently known about Johnnie as his service papers cannot be traced, and he is not commemorated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
Lieutenant Thomas Lloyd Rees Jones
Thomas was born in Pencader, the son of Thomas Rees Jones and Mary Jones. Thomas was commissioned from Lampeter College, into the 4th Battalion, South Wales Borderers. Thomas saw service with the battalion in Mesopotamia, but became ill, and returned home. He was then posted to Ireland, where the rebellion was gaining pace. In February 1918 he married Charlotte Mary Davies, of 7, Guildhall Square, Carmarthen, and after the armistice, went to Germany with the Army of Occupation. Thomas suffered a re-occurrence of malaria while in Germany, and returned home, but complications set in, and Thomas died on 29 September 1919. He was 26 years old and is buried in Llanfihangel-ar-Arth (St. Michael) Churchyard. The Pencader War Memorial incorrectly gives his date of death as 21 September 1919.
Private Henry James Lewis
Harry was the son of David and Mary Lewis of Aeron Villa, Pencader. He served during the war with the Army Service Corps. Little else is known of Harry, but he died on 3 October 1921, aged 22. Harry is not commemorated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, and so little else is presently known of him. His brother, Lewis Lewis, served as a Shoeing Smith with the Army Service Corps and survived the war.